An embedded system is a programmed controlling and operating system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints. It is embedded as part of a complete device often including hardware and mechanical parts. Embedded systems control many devices in common use today. Ninety-eight percent of all microprocessors are manufactured components of embedded systems.
Surveillance is the monitoring of behaviors,
activities, or other changing information for the purpose of influencing, managing, directing,
or protecting people. This includes close circuit television (CCTV) cameras or interception of Internet
traffic or phone calls etc.
Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of
engineering & science that includes electrical, electronic & mechanical engineering,
computer science, and others. Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation,
and use of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and
information processing. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial
intelligence, mechatronics, nanotechnology and bioengineering.
The internet of things, or IoT, is a system of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines, objects, animals or people that are provided with unique identifiers (UIDs) and the ability to transfer data over a network without requiring human-to-human or human-to-computer interaction.
Machine learning is a core sub-area of artificial
intelligence (AI); it enables computers to get into a mode of self-learning without being explicitly
programmed. When exposed to new data, these computer
programs are enabled to learn, grow, change, and develop by themselves.
Blockchain technology enables distributed public ledgers that hold immutable data in a secure and encrypted way and ensure that transactions can never be altered. This “distributed ledger technology” (DLT) is finding a broad range of uses. Data storage, financial transactions, real estate, asset management and many more uses are being explored e.g. Bitcoin, crypto currencies etc.
The major areas of opportunities for Location Based Services (LBS) include navigation, local search, enterprise services, mobile advertisements via LBS, location-specific health information, tourism, consumer tracking, location based social networking, real-time tracking, discovering places, location-based gaming, location-based infotainment and analytics, sports, emergency services, geo-tagging, augmented reality, information services, and other location based Business Intelligence (BI). It also generates information regarding ongoing local events, shopping and location-based entertainment options. This technology is of strategic importance in law enforcement and state intelligence.